Fire, Explosions, and Lymphatic Systems: Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics Volume 50

Browse the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics Volume 50 table of contents.

Before I get to the fire and explosions I want to highlight the lovely article “John Leask Lumley: Whither Turbulence?” by Leibovich and Warhaft that begins this volume.  This biography includes sections about Dr. Lumley’s love and appreciation for vintage cars and good food and wine as well as a look at his contributions to fluid mechanics. It’s a remarkable tribute and a worthwhile read.

Tohidi, Gollner, and Xiao wrote “Fire Whirls” which I found myself thinking about as I watched coverage of the California wildfires:

fl50-fire whirls

Throughout the literature, fire whirls have been identified by a variety of names, including devil, tornado, twister, whirlwind, or even dragon twist (Japanese). Regardless of the name, when the right combination of wind and fire interact, the result is an intensification of combustion with whirling flames that we call the fire whirl. Although the fire whirl or fire tornado shares some features with its atmospheric counterparts, it remains distinct in its source of buoyancy, combusting fuel, structure, and formation patterns. In nature, fire whirls are most often observed in mass fires. These include both large wildland (also known as forest fires or bushfires) and urban conflagrations, such as the burning of cities or towns…

fl50-detonationWhile action movie explosions make it seem easy, a controlled detonation that accomplishes more than looking good on film is difficult and complex to model. “High Explosive Detonation-Conifer Interactions” by Short and Quirk begins by explaining some of the complexity:

The dynamics of a given HE–confiner system depend on the pressure-loading properties of the explosive (magnitude and timescale), while in turn the structure and speed of the detonation reaction zone and the lateral confinement of explosive products are dependent on the material properties of the confining material, such as its density and sound speed. The ability to predict the motion of a detonation in an explosive system (known as the timing) and the response of the confiner to the HE detonation pressure loading depend on our ability to model and understand this detonation–confiner flow coupling…

I found “Lymphatic System Flows” by Moore and Bertram quite interesting especially as it explained the importance of several organs I’d always been curious about:

The lymphatic system as a functional whole includes several organs whose association as a system is not readily apparent. Lymphoid organs include the spleen, thymus, and tonsils; another vital component is the bone marrow where white cells are manufactured…. Functionally, the lymphatic vascular systemfl50-lymph runs in parallel to the blood venous system, in that both return fluids centrally. Lymphatic vessels carry lymph, which is largely water gathered from interstitial tissue spaces. Fluid appears in the interstitial spaces because blood capillary walls are somewhat leaky, allowing part of the aqueous component of blood to escape, along with some proteins…. The lymphatic vascular system scavenges this water and protein, ultimately returning it to the venous circulation via junctions with the subclavian veins at shoulder level. The maintenance of the interstitial milieu is one of its vital functions; if fluid is not returned to the blood system at the same rate as it leaves, the painful and debilitating condition of edema can develop.

Congratulations to Adriaan Bax, winner of the 2018 NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing

Congratulations Adriaan Bax, PhD. of @NIH.gov, recipient of National Academy of Sciences Award for Scientific Reviewing which is sponsored by us!

Bax is honored for reviews and pioneering technical concept pieces on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance that have greatly influenced the field of #StructuralBiology.

To celebrate this achievement, we’ve made the PDF of one of his seminal articles entitled Two-Dimensional NMR and Protein Structure freely available to download here: http://arevie.ws/nasbax

The award will be presented during the 155th NAS Annual Meeting on Sunday, April 29, 2018.

More information on Bax and the Award – http://arevie.ws/nasaward18

Celebrating 85 years of service!

To mark our 85th anniversary, free online access to all journal articles published in 2017 is available through the end of the year.
Please browse journals that are new to you and revisit those that you rely on regularly. You may access articles via HTML directly. PDF access available via institutional or individual subscription, or pay per view purchase.

How well do you know Annual Reviews?
We got our start in the late 1920s when founder J. Murray Luck, Professor of Biochemistry at Stanford University, set out to review current research in the (then) emerging field of biochemistry, and found himself “dismayed … by the immensity of the task…” He asked leading professors in the field to write intelligent syntheses of the key primary literature.
In 1932, he published the first volume of the Annual Review of Biochemistry. It has become a foundational resource for relevant topics, enabling further discovery. Take a look today and revisit the science of yesterday, still relevant today:

Annual Review of Biochemistry, Volume 1, 1932
Permeability
The Metabolism of Brain and Nerve

Fast Forward to 2017: Scientific Literature Reviewed, from A to V
Today we publish 50 journals covering disciplines within the biomedical, life, physical, and social sciences, from Analytical Chemistry to Vision Science. Each journal provides a pathway to the relevant primary research across a number of topics within the field. Our authors critically examine a wide array of articles, papers, and books to provide objective overviews and summarize important ideas and findings.

We’ve recently added the following journals to our collection:

  • Cancer Biology
  • Vision Science
  • Linguistics
  • Virology
  • Statistics and Its Application
  • Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior
  • Animal Biosciences
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  • Marine Science
  • Economics
  • Financial Economics
  • Resource Economics

Publishing in 2018:

  • Biomedical Data Science
  • Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems
  • Criminology

Celebrate our 85th anniversary by revisiting your favorite Annual Review, or getting acquainted with a new title! Either way, Annual Reviews provides researchers with curated wisdom from hand-picked experts.

Annual Reviews appoints Eva Emerson to lead new digital magazine

Nonprofit publisher Annual Reviews is pleased to announce that Eva Emerson has been appointed editor to lead a digital publication called Knowable Magazine from Annual Reviews set to launch on October 26th 2017 at the World Conference of Science Journalists in San Francisco, CA. Eva has an outstanding track record in the communication of science, having most recently served as Editor of Science News.

Richard Gallagher, President and Editor-In-Chief said:

“Eva’s journalistic talent, digital publishing expertise and significant leadership ability make her a natural fit for this position. We’re delighted she has joined this innovative project in Annual Reviews’ 85th year of service to the research community.”

Knowable Magazine will use various forms of storytelling to explore the life, physical, and social sciences. Review articles from the Annual Review journals serve as springboards for journalistic pieces in Knowable Magazine, including in-depth features, explainers, and even comics. The online-only magazine will focus on explaining the real-world significance of research, punctuated with forays into the wonder of the world around us. This initiative receives support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

“Annual Reviews was founded to help scientists keep abreast of what was even then considered an overwhelming amount of relevant literature,” Eva says. “Its role is to synthesize understandings revealed in individual research articles into something larger – emerging trends, insights, analyses — and to articulate where scientific progress stands now, from the point of view of scientists working in their fields. Taking advantage of the digital space, the new magazine aims to reveal such milestones to a broad audience in compelling ways.”

A native of Los Angeles, Eva brings over 20 years of experience in science communication to the Annual Reviews team. As Managing Editor and then Editor in Chief of Science News, she helped to oversee a shift to daily digital journalism, the creation of a robust website and huge growth in social media followers. She is delighted to join nonprofit Annual Reviews. “We want to elevate intelligent, informed discourse. This feels especially urgent right now, given the erosion of public trust in facts that the Internet enables and thrives on.”

About the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation: The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation fosters path-breaking scientific discovery, environmental conservation, patient care improvements and preservation of the special character of the Bay Area. Visit Moore.org and follow @MooreFound.

About the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation: The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation is a philanthropic, not-for-profit grant making institution based in New York City. Founded in 1934 by industrialist Alfred P. Sloan Jr, the Foundation supports original research and education in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and economics.

About Annual Reviews: Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher dedicated to synthesizing and integrating knowledge for the progress of science and benefit of society.  Journalists who require further information, access to our content or press contacts can visit the Press Center.

 

 

 

Annual Reviews appoints Rosie Mestel Deputy Editor of new digital magazine

Nonprofit publisher Annual Reviews is pleased to announce that Rosie Mestel has been appointed Deputy Editor of the new digital magazine, set to launch on October 26th 2017 at the World Conference of Science Journalists in San Francisco, CA. Editor Eva Emerson welcomed her, saying:

“I am thrilled to have Rosie on the team. She will play a leading role in the creation and development of the magazine. She brings an impressive resume as well as considerable enthusiasm to this new endeavor.”

Rosie was formerly the Chief Magazine Editor of Nature, running the journalism group. Before that, she worked at the Los Angeles Times as a reporter and then editor of science and health. She earned a PhD in genetics before switching careers and earning a certificate in science communication from UC Santa Cruz.

Knowable Magazine will use various forms of storytelling to explore the life, physical, and social sciences. Review articles from the Annual Review journals serve as springboards for journalistic pieces in Knowable Magazine, including in-depth features, explainers, and even comics. The online-only magazine will focus on explaining the real-world significance of research, punctuated with forays into the wonder of the world around us. This initiative receives support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher dedicated to synthesizing and integrating knowledge for the progress of science and benefit of society. Please visit the Annual Reviews Press Center to arrange an interview or sign up for media-only access to journal content.

 

 

Annual Reviews appoints Lindzi Wessel as Reporter for new digital magazine

Nonprofit publisher Annual Reviews is pleased to announce that Lindzi Wessel has been appointed Reporter for the new digital magazine, set to launch October 26th 2017 at the World Conference of Science Journalists in San Francisco, CA. Editor Eva Emerson welcomed her, saying:

I am delighted that Lindzi has joined our small but growing team. As hire number three, she will help to create stories that bridge the gap between our expert reviews and the needs of a wider general audience for engaging and accurate information that explains how science shapes our lives.

Lindzi joins us straight from an internship at Science Magazine as a news and feature writer and has published with STAT and The San Jose Mercury News among others. She is a graduate of the UC Santa Cruz Science Communication program and holds a master’s in neuroscience from UC Davis. 

Knowable Magazine will use various forms of storytelling to explore the life, physical, and social sciences. Review articles from the Annual Review journals serve as springboards for journalistic pieces in Knowable Magazine, including in-depth features, explainers, and even comics. The online-only magazine will focus on explaining the real-world significance of research, punctuated with forays into the wonder of the world around us. This initiative receives support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher dedicated to synthesizing and integrating knowledge for the progress of science and benefit of society. Please visit the Annual Reviews Press Center to sign up for media-only access to journal content.

Annual Reviews appoints Katie Fleeman as Audience Engagement Editor for Knowable Magazine

Nonprofit publisher Annual Reviews is pleased to announce that Katie Fleeman has been appointed Audience Engagement Editor for Knowable Magazine From Annual Reviews, a new digital publication, set to launch October 26, 2017 at the World Conference of Science Journalists in San Francisco (more information on our schedule).

Editor Eva Emerson welcomed her, saying:

“As hire number four to the Magazine team, Katie bridges the gap between our content and its audience, helping to ensure that stories reach and are shared by those who will be most impacted by the content. Her superb organizational ability and can-do attitude has already been a boon to the team.”

Katie brings experience in both academic publishing and mass media, with an emphasis on new, digitally-native publications. She joins us from the issues-driven media company ATTN:, where she was the second hire on the audience team and the first employee dedicated to analytics. Previously, she was on the marketing team at the nonprofit Open Access publisher PLOS, promoting both the blogs network and the suite of journals. She studied history at UC Berkeley.

Knowable Magazine will explore the real-world significance of scholarly research, punctuated with forays into wonder and awe. Review articles written by leading scholars from the nearly 50 Annual Review journals serve as springboards for stories in the online-only magazine. Through in-depth features, explainers, articles, essays, interviews, infographics, slideshows and comics, Knowable Magazine bridges the gap between review articles written by invited experts and the information needs of a broader audience. This initiative receives generous support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher dedicated to synthesizing and integrating knowledge for the progress of science and benefit of society. Please visit the Annual Reviews Press Center to sign up for media-only access to journal content.

Knowable Magazine from Annual Reviews: The Search for Answers, Fueled by Research

Adding a new voice to the growing offerings of online science journalism, Knowable Magazine from Annual Reviews will debut at the World Conference of Science Journalists in San Francisco on October 26, 2017.

This online-only magazine will explore the real-world significance of scholarly research, punctuated with forays into wonder and awe. Review articles written by leading scholars from the nearly 50 Annual Review journals serve as springboards for stories in Knowable Magazine. Through in-depth features, explainers, articles, essays, interviews, infographics, slideshows and comics, Knowable Magazine bridges the gap between review articles written by invited experts and the information needs of a broader audience.

This initiative receives generous support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Explaining the relationship between Annual Reviews and Knowable Magazine, President and Editor-in-Chief Richard Gallagher says:

“Annual Reviews articles synthesize findings from individual studies into something larger, articulating where a field stands, what is controversial, and what the future may hold. Knowable Magazine will help share these insights with a wider audience in more approachable ways.”

In terms of what makes Knowable Magazine different from other sources of scientific information, Editor Eva Emerson says:

“We are following scientific developments, but our reporting is based on reviews that integrate years of study. We will be writing about areas that have matured, or failed to mature, providing panoramic views of science and its impacts. Many new results are intriguing, and worth covering, but seeing results in a deeper context can better reveal what actually makes a difference in peoples’ lives. That’s what we aim to do.”

Other staff members include: Rosie Mestel (Deputy Editor); Lindzi Wessel (Reporter) and Katie Fleeman (Audience Engagement Editor).

This new publication has an Advisory Group that comprises the following experts in scientific communication:

Knowable’s rich blend of content will appear on its own website and also be freely available under a Creative Commons license (CC BY-ND). If you are attending the World Conference of Science Journalists next week and want to meet the magazine team and other members of Annual Reviews, please check out our schedule here.

You can sign up for further updates about Knowable Magazine and connect with Knowable Magazine on Facebook and Twitter.

Knowable Magazine From Annual Reviews – launches @WCSJ17

It’s all systems go as we prepare to launch Knowable Magazine from Annual Reviews at the World Conference of Science Journalists (WCSJ) which starts on October 26 in San Francisco. Our new digital magazine is supported by generous grants from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Knowable Magazine will explore the real-world significance of scholarly research, punctuated with forays into wonder and awe. Review articles written by leading scholars from the nearly 50 Annual Review journals serve as springboards for stories in the online-only magazine. Through in-depth features, explainers, articles, essays, interviews, infographics, slideshows and comics, Knowable Magazine bridges the gap between review articles written by invited experts and the information needs of a broader audience.

Knowable Magazine Editor, Eva Emerson, formerly of Science News said:

“Scientists have been incredibly successful in exploring and describing much of the world and universe. At Knowable Magazine, we want to provide a current picture of what’s known and what’s not known about important areas of research.”

For those of you coming to the WCSJ, here’s a snapshot of where you can find us and when.

If you need an additional reason to attend our “Meet the Knowable Editors” event (with chocolate) on Friday afternoon, then we are hoping to have an additional free item to give away to the first 100 people who show up.

Rosie Mestel, Deputy Editor for Knowable Magazine, will also be at the Unofficial Pop-Up Pitch Slam on Saturday, October 28.

You can sign up for further updates about Knowable Magazine and connect with Knowable Magazine on Facebook and Twitter.

Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher dedicated to synthesizing and integrating knowledge for the progress of science and benefit of society. Please visit the Annual Reviews Press Center to sign up for media-only access to journal content.

 

Connect With Our Experts using Remarq

We are pleased to announce a partnership with Remarq, a new scholarly collaboration network from RedLink, that facilitates online annotation and encourages informed conversation between readers, authors, and editors. To use this new service, sign up here.

Annual Reviews President and Editor-In-Chief Richard Gallagher said:

“We are excited to introduce the Remarq scholarly collaboration network on the Annual Reviews site. Remarq promotes informed discussion and teaching by facilitating annotation of our articles. You can make your comments available to the entire audience or restrict them to personal use. A group sharing option will soon be added. I encourage all users to sign up. It truly is an opportunity to ‘Connect With Our Experts’.”

Watch this two minute video to find out how it works:

  1. Readers register with Remarq, using your ORCID, LinkedIn credentials, or email address.
  2. Authors may register with Remarq and then claim their articles. Remarq will alert authors every time a reader posts a question or comment in relation to their article.
  3. Users can make annotations and notes that are either private or public.  In the coming weeks, Remarq will also add a feature to allow the creation of collaborative groups.
  4. To maintain an appropriately high level of discourse on our site, we are drafting guidelines for constructive engagement.
  5. Article sharing is encouraged and permitted within the Remarq network and participants may do so without fear of breaking copyright rules.
Remarq commenting box

We will be writing to all our authors soon to encourage them to register, but if you want to get started now you can sign up here.

About. Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher dedicated to synthesizing and integrating knowledge for the progress of science and the benefit of society. To find out how we create our highly cited reviews and stimulate discussion about science, please watch this short video. Members of the media can visit our Press Center to sign up for journal access.